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Masters in Education Practice: Leadership


Thinking about leadership and leadership styles



This topic has explored a range of thinking about leadership and leadership styles. We considered the issue of whether leaders are born or bred and the long-standing influence of trait theory. Then we reflected on the prevailing image of leaders as heroes who are drafted in to turn around the fortunes of schools and whether a more realistic and effective model resided in leaders-as-hosts.


  • Bass, B. M. (1981). Stogdill’s handbook of leadership. New York: MacMillan.
  • Bass, B. M. and Riggio, R. E. (2006). Transformational Leadership (Second ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Bass, B. M. and Steidlmeier. P. (1999) Ethics, character, and authentic transformational leadership behavior, Leadership Quarterly, 10(2), 181–217.
  • Bottery, M. (2004) The Challenges of Educational Leaderhsip. London: Sage.
  • Burns, J. M. (1978) Leadership. New York. Harper & Row, Onursal Arkan.
  • Bush, T. and Middlewood, D. (2013) Leading and managing people in education.  Third edition.  London: Sage.
  • Caldwell, B. J. and Spinks, J. M. (1992) Leading the Self-Managing School. London: Falmer Press.
  • Carlyle, T. (1849). On heroes, hero-worship, and the heroic in history. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin.
  • Earley, P., Higham, R., Allen, R., Allen, T., Howson, J., Nelson, R., Rawar, S., Lynch, S., Morton, L., Mehta, P. and Sims, D. (2012). Review Of The School Leadership Landscape. Nottingham; National College for School Leadership.
  • Galton, F. (1869). Hereditary genius. New York: Appleton.
  • Graen, G.B., and Uhl-Bien, M. (1995)  Relationship-based approach to leadership:  Development of leader-member exchange (LMX) theory of leadership over 25 years:  Applying a multi-level multi-domain perspective. The Leadership Quarterly, 6(2), 219–247.
  • Hay Group (2007) The Leadership Crisis.  London: Hay Group
  • Gunter, H.  (2011) Leadership and the reform of education.  Bristol: Policy Press.
  • Karl W. Kuhnert and Philip Lewis (1978) Transactional and Transformational Leadership: A constructive/developmental analysis. The Academy of Management Review 12(4), October 1987, 648-657.
  • Leithwood, K., (2000). Foreword in Christopher Day, Alma Harris, Mark Hadfield, Harry Tolley and John Beresford, (2000) Leading Schools in Times of Change.  Berkshire: Open University Press.
  • Marks, H. M. & Printy, S. M. (2003). Principal leadership and school performance: Integrating transformational and instructional leadership. Educational Administration Quarterly, 39(3), pp. 370–397.
  • Miller, T. W. & Miller, J. M. (2001). Educational leadership in the new millennium: a vision for 2020.  International Journal of Leadership in Education, 4:181–189.
  • Peter Gronn (2003) The New Work of Educational Leaders: Changing Leadership Practice in an Era of School Reform. London: Sage.
  • Stogdill, R. M. (1948). Personal factors associated with leadership: A survey of the literature. Journal of Psychology, 25, 35–71.
  • Uhl-Bien, M. and Marion, R. (2009)  Complexity leadership in bureaucratic forms of organizing: A meso model. The Leadership Quarterly, 20 (4), 631–650.
  • Wheatley, M. (1993)  Chaos and complexity, What can science teach? Organization Development Practitioner, Fall 1993.
  • Wheatley, M. and Frieze, D. (2011)  Walk Out Walk On: A Learning Journey into Communities Daring to Live the Future Now. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler.
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