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MEP learning pack

Masters in Educational Practice: Child and adolescent development 0-19


Social and emotional development



"All learning has an emotional base."
Plato (428-348 BC)

Social-emotional development is linked to academic success. It is important that teachers are aware of the stages of social and emotional development in the learners they work, how these link to learning and how they might supporting their learners’ development in these areas.    

Additional materials


Axline, V. (1964). Dibs In Search of Self: personality development in play therapy. Penguin books.  

Bowlby, J. (1969). Attachment and loss. Vol. I: Attachment. London: Penguin Books, 1978.

Campos, J. & Stenberg, C. (1981). Perception, appraisal and emotion: The onset of social referencing. In M. E. Lamb & L. R. Sherrod (eds.), Infant social cognition: Empirical and theoretical considerations. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Inc.

Cozolino, L. (2012). The Social Neuroscience of Education: Optimizing Attachment and Learning in the Classroom (Norton Books in Education).

Darwin, C. (1872). The expression of emotions in men and animals. London: John Murray.

Erikson, E. H. (1950). Childhood and society. New York: W. W. Norton

Galbraith, R. E., Jones, T. M. (1976). Moral Reasoning: A teaching handbook for adapting Kohlberg to the classroom.

Geddes, H. (2006). Attachment in the Classroom: The links between children's early experience, emotional well-being and performance in school: A Practical Guide for Schools. Worth Publishing.  

Goleman, D. (1996). Emotional Intelligence: Why it can matter more than IQ. Bloomsbury.
Harris, M & Butterworth, G. (2002) Developmental Psychology: A Student's Handbook. Psychology Press.

Raver, C. (2002). Emotions Matter: Making the Case for the Role of Young Children’s Emotional Development for Early School Readiness, SRCD Social Policy Report, Vol. 16, No. 3.

Zins, J. E., Bloodworth, M. R., Weissberg, R. P. & Walberg, H. J. (2004). In J. Zins, R. Weissberg, M. Wang, & H. J. Walberg (Eds.) Building academic success on social and emotional learning: What does the research say? Teachers Press.


Field, T., Woodson, R., Greenberg, R. & Cohen, C. (1982). Discrimination and imitation of facial expressions by neonates. Science, 218, 179–181.

Choudhury, S., Blakemore, S. & Charman, T. (2006).  Social cognitive development during adolescence. Scan, 1, 165–174.

Perry, B, Pollard, R. A., Blakeley, T. L., Baker, W. L. & Vigilante D (1995) ‘Childhood Trauma, The Neurobiology of Adaptation and “use-dependent” development of the Brain: How “states” become “Traits” ‘, Infant Mental Health Journal, Vol. 16, No 4, Winter ’95, 271–291.


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