It is best to use real-life situations, toys, books, or activities that stimulate real conversations. Activities should vary depending on the chronological and developmental age of the child.
- correct greetings for different individuals
- requesting items – politely vs. impolitely
- situational language – quietly vs. loudly; staying on topic; retelling stories; or talking about certain topics
- non-verbal signals used in language – frowning vs. smiling.
Some further ideas to help children with language difficulties are:
- have learners repeat directions orally (sequentially).
- require learners to respond in complete sentences.
- redirect focus with repetition of same stimulus statement/question.
- combine oral and written (visual and auditory) presentation of materials to reinforce structure.
- call learner’s name, touch shoulder and/or whisper to retain attention of learner who appears to be distracted.
- practise sound and symbol association drills consistently to facilitate appropriate sound production.
- give learners alternative vocabulary – use multiple words to express one concept.
- teach vocabulary explicitly.
- have learners define words based on concept.
- redirect learners who exhibit behaviour problems.