Raising Standards Together

Wrong learning pack? Change pack

MEP learning pack

Masters in Educational Practice: Professional learning


Research informing practice



Key points from this section include the following.

  • Schools in Wales need to respond to a wide range of learners from diverse backgrounds.
  • Differentiation is about how practitioners meet the different needs of learners. They can do so in many ways including varying learning objectives, questioning, tasks, groupings, time, pace and resources.
  • Schools should provide opportunities to personalise learning by building on learners’ interests, developing their say in what and how they learn, and fostering a sense of responsibility for learning.
  • Data can be an important source to inform planning for improvement.


  • ACCAC (2003) A curriculum of opportunity: developing potential into performance, Cardiff: ACCAC


    Alexander, R. J. (2008) Towards Dialogic Teaching: rethinking classroom talk (4th edition), York: Dialogos


    Baars, S., Bernardes, E., Elwick, A., Malortie, A. and McAleavy, T. (2014) Lessons from London Schools, London: CfBT


    Bandura, A. (1977) Social Learning Theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall


    Bennett, T. (2013) Teacher Proof, Abingdon: Routledge


    Black, P. & Wiliam, D. (2001) Inside the Black Box [online]. Available at: http://weaeducation.typepad.co.uk/files/blackbox-1.pdf. [Accessed 23.9.14]


    Boekaerts, M. (2002) Motivation to Learn, Geneva: International Bureau of Education


    Claxton, G. (2002) Building Learning Power, Bristol: TLO


    DCELLS (2008) Making the most of learning. Implementing the revised curriculum, Cardiff: Welsh Assembly Government


    DCSF (2008) Personalised Learning – A Practical Guide, Annersley: DfES


    DCELLS (2007) Why consult with pupils? Cardiff: Welsh Assembly Government


    DfES (2004) A National Conversation about Personalised Learning, Annersley: DfES


    DfES (2006) 2020 Vision. Report of the Teaching and Learning in 2020 Review Group, Annersley: DfES


    Dweck, C. (2006) Mind-set. The New Psychology of Success, New York: Random House


    Estyn (2011) Supporting more able and talented pupils in primary schools, Cardiff: Estyn


    Estyn (2014) Guidance for the inspection of primary schools, Cardiff: Estyn


    Gamoran, A. (2002) Standards, Inequality & Ability Grouping in Schools. CES Briefing


    Ginsburg-Block, M. D., Rohrbeck, C. A., & Fantuzzo, J. W. (2006) ‘A meta-analytic review of social, self-concept, and behavioral outcomes of peer-assisted learning’, in Journal of Educational Psychology, 98, 732


    Hattie, J. (2009) Visible Learning, Abingdon: Routledge


    Hattie, J. (2012) Visible Learning for Teachers, Abingdon: Routledge


    Hart, R. (1992). Children’s Participation from Tokenism to Citizenship. Florence: UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre


    Hopkins, D. (2013) Exploring the Myths of School Reform, Maidenhead: Open University Press


    Lyle, S. and Hendley, D. (2010) The Teaching and Learning Research Programme in Wales: Improving Learning by Taking Account of Learners’ Perspectives


    OECD (2014) Improving Schools in Wales: An OECD Perspective, Paris: OECD


    Ofsted (2011) An innovative approach to personalised learning for children in the Early Years Foundation Stage and Year 1 of the National Curriculum: Rodbourne Cheney Primary School, London: Ofsted


    Sebba, J., Brown, N., Steward, S., Galton, M., James, M. (2004) An Investigation of Personalised Learning Approaches used by Schools, London: DfES


    Spencer, V. G. (2006) ‘Peer Tutoring and Students with Emotional or Behavioral Disorders: A Review of the Literature’, in Behavioral Disorders, 31, 204–222


    Sukhnandan, L. and Lee, B. (1998) Streaming, setting and grouping by ability, London: NFER


    Watkins, C. (2011) Learning: a Sense-maker's Guide, London: Association of Teachers and Lecturers


    Washburne, C. (1953) ‘Adjusting the Program to the Child’, in Educational Leadership, Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development


    Welsh Assembly Government (2008) Research into Children and Young People’s Participation in Wales: the benefits of participation, York: York Consulting Limited Liability Partnership


    Welsh Assembly Government (2010) A curriculum for all learners, Cardiff: Welsh Government


    Welsh Government (2011) Children and Young People’s Experiences of Pupil Voice in Wales, Cardiff: Welsh Government


    Welsh Government (2014) Schools Challenge Cymru: introduction for Pathways to Success schools, Cardiff: Welsh Government

Further reading

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