The 'Reasoning in the classroom materials' provide teachers with an array of different activities, using a wide range of delivery approaches with coverage across the Numeracy component of the National Literacy and Numeracy Framework (LNF).
The structure is straightforward: each set starts with an introduction, providing brief details of the different activities within it, the reasoning and procedural skills covered, and the numerical language that is included.
Activities can be accessed through the 'Support materials link'. You can also download our Activity overview – Year 5 for an outline of the contents.
Read on to find important information about using the activities.
A key skill in becoming fully numerate (and to becoming an independent adult) is the ability to make your own decisions and learn from them.
This key skill is central to these activities: they have been developed to allow learners to choose their own methods and ways of recording, then present their findings in whichever way they decide. Learners are encouraged to assess each other’s work and provide feedback, thus extending the reasoning and their ability to communicate, numerically and in general.
Knowing when and why to use a calculator is important. Within the National Numeracy Tests (Reasoning), learners from Year 5 onwards are expected to use calculators as these allow learners to focus on the numerical reasoning rather than on extended calculations (e.g. long division). (Calculators are not allowed, however, in the National Numeracy Tests (Procedural), as they are assessing the learner’s ability to undertake such processes.)
Learners in Years 5 to 9 should therefore be encouraged to use calculators whenever appropriate when engaging with the activities.
Numerical reasoning requires learners to draw from the full expanse of their numerical toolbox. The activities within these materials may therefore not be easy to categorise in terms of topic. Teachers are recommended to read through the activities to assess their suitability for particular learning and curriculum needs. To help with this, however, we have produced a brief explanation of each activity, summarising its context and content. This can be found in Activity overview – Year 5 .
Teachers of Year 5 learners (however, the activities can be used as they stand, or adapted, for other year groups).
- to support the learning and teaching of numerical reasoning.